Ethical hacking has become an adventurer in the world of crime. At the same time, cyberattacks stay extensive across organizations and industries. In the world, ethical hacking offers firms assist them in combatting this ever-growing downside. There are entirely different phases of ethical hacking.
Usually, it takes up to six months for any organization or IT security to understand that there has been a breach. They often have to identify ethical hackers to upgrade their cybersecurity measures and safeguard their information. Organizations want top-notch security measures to combat the extent. Therefore, the sheer variety of attacks that turn up on a daily.
A cyber attack has been aforesaid to occur every thirty-nine seconds. And antique systems don’t equip enough to handle all of them. Regular updates and upgrades to the IT security systems are the simplest way to defending firms against this growing downside.
Different Phases of Ethical Hacking
Organizations use ethical hackers to simulate an actual cyberattack on their systems and networks. This attack comes in numerous phases. It takes loads of ability and energy for ethical hackers to spot all the vulnerabilities and exploit them for their entire profit. This simulated attack is employed to pinpoint all areas of weaknesses that the organization faces to strengthen them. The phases of ethical hacking are:
• Intelligence operation part
• Scanning part
• Gaining Access part
• Maintaining Access part
• Covering of Tracks part
The intelligence operation part
It is the primary stage within the ethical hacking method. Because of the enforced security measures, the white-hat hacker collects all the knowledge concerning the networks and systems in situ. The ethical hacker has two kinds of intelligence operation that he will neutralize this part. These are:
• Active intelligence operation
• Passive intelligence operation
Active intelligence operation searches for data concerning the target network system, server, or application to extend the possibilities of the hacker being detected within the system. It’s loads riskier than the second style of an intelligence operation, a passive intelligence operation.
Passive intelligence operation is that the stealthier method of gaining data concerning the target. It is often targeted on operation concerning the company’s key members, essential facts concerning the corporate, searching for its IP addresses, and looking out for alternative kinds of crucial data concerning the corporate.
Since most organizations have nearly all their data public, passively gathering data may be simple for an ethical hacker.
The Scanning part
The second innovative Associate in Nursing ethical hacker’s strategy is that the scanning part. This step involves exploiting all the knowledge obtained within the intelligence operation and applying it to look for vulnerabilities within the targeted space. There are different kinds of scans done by ethical hackers. They will scan for open ports or completely other services that area unit running unprotected within the organization.
Ethical hackers may also perform vulnerability scans to seek weaknesses within the company servers, which are exploited. This method has become machine-driven because there are several tools out there for hackers to perform vulnerability scans. White hat hackers may also produce varied ‘maps’ of networks. This network mapping method includes finding the firewall utilized by the organization and completely different routers and networks to assist them throughout their hacking process.
The Gaining Access part
It is wherever the ethical hacker will the particular hacking. He uses all the knowledge obtained and analyzed from the previous 2 phases to launch a full-fledged attack on the system or network the ethical hacker is attempting to infiltrate. He exploits all the exposed vulnerabilities and gains management of the system he has hacked. Currently, the hacker will steal all the info he has out there existing, corrupt the systems, add viruses or alternative malicious entities, or manipulate it to their profit.
Maintaining Access part
Usually, hackers have a mission to accomplish or a concept to follow after they hack into an organization’s system. It implies simply breaking into or hacking into the system isn’t about to be enough. The ethical hacker must maintain his access to the server till he fulfills his goal. Ethical hackers sometimes use Trojans and alternative backdoors or rootkits to accomplish this part. They will conjointly use this maintaining access part to launch many alternative attacks to bring down additional harm to the organization.
Covering of Tracks part
It is the ultimate step to finish the whole ethical hacking method. If this part is completed successfully, the ethical hacker can hack into a system or network. They may bring down the maximum harm as doable and have managed to remove the system while not a trace. They have to hide their tracks throughout to avoid detection whereas coming into and feat the network or server. The safety systems in situ mustn’t be ready to establish the wrongdoer. The sign of a self-made simulated cyber attack is if the safety system ne’er realized that the attack came about altogether.
It includes several of the subsequent measures that Associate in Nursing ethical hacker takes to cover and take away his presence completely:
• Deleting all logs
• Corrupting logs
• Modifying bound values of logs or registries
• Deleting all the folders that the ethical hacker creates
• Uninstalling all the applications
• Removing all traces of an activity performed by an ethical hacker within the system or network
Ethical hacking is a long and troublesome method that involves several phases. It requires mandatory coaching and certification to become an ethical hacker and cybersecurity professional. The phases need lots of your time, knowledge, and experience to accomplish and will be taken seriously. On the other hand, organizations conjointly prefer certified people over their non-certified counterparts because they’re to blame for protecting the company’s sensitive and digital information.